Second Corinthians 4:1–18 . . . Bible Study Summary with Questions
Christ Is to Be Known through the Likes of Us
The first six verses of chapter 4 explain why so many people don't believe the gospel when they first hear it, or even after they've heard it over a long period of time. We'll find out why many who do believe the gospel quit believing it after they've been walking the Christian way for some time; we'll also learn why some people who you think will never believe it, suddenly do so. The passage begins with a tremendous declaration by Apostle Paul, about his reaction to his own ministry: "Therefore, since through God's mercy we have this ministry, we do not lose heart." (emphasis added)
All through this passage Paul repeats that theme, telling us, "We don't get discouraged; don't feel like quitting; remain confident; become encouraged." In a sense, as we've seen throughout this letter, every Christian is "in the ministry." Those Christians who are ready to quit might feel that they're not achieving anything; basically, they don't see themselves as Paul did, as being a working instrument of God. They're focusing on what they're "doing or not doing for God" rather than understanding the basis for their ministry, which Paul calls the "new covenant," the new arrangement for living, which God has provided in Christ. In vv. 2–4 (see passage below), the apostle gives us two great reasons why the new covenant doesn't allow for discouragement. He's pretty much telling his readers, "We've turned our backs on the ways and practices that bring discouragement. I don't need that anymore; I've given it all up. I refuse to tamper with the Word of God." So, why doesn't Paul get discouraged? He knows that truth (v. 2b) is the most exciting and attractive thing in the world. He's saying, "Truth is what I count on. I don't have to depend on me, my personality, and my ability to persuade people. I go with a simple statement of the truth, and the conviction that God is able to reach the conscience." But why, Paul, don't more people believe this gospel? People are perishing as a result of disbelief because they're blinded by the devil.
So what hope is there that anybody who's been blinded by the devil will ever believe the good news? Paul turns our eyes to the one who can help; only Christ — who is our Lord — can take away such blindness (vv. 5–6). If you're walking in darkness, begin to seek the "face of Christ." That's where the light truly shines.
Paul has been describing his ministry in terms of direct combat with what he calls the "god of this age," the invisible being behind this darkness and corruption, the one who has "blinded the minds of unbelievers," (v. 4:4b). In the next six verses of this passage, we discover how, as Paul lives and speaks in light of the fact that Jesus is Lord, the light begins to break through this world's darkness; that's God's process. In vv. 7–11, there's a detailed description of how to exercise the power of God; and vv. 12–15 describe how to display the glory of God, which is what life's all about: Christians are Christian in order to exercise the power of God and display the glory of God.
Out of the midst of the pain, the pressure, the heartache, and the perplexities, there comes a joy, a strength, a faith, and a love that makes clear that our power is not coming from us, but from God. That's what impresses the world. May God help us to live like that.
One significant question that we must face remains: "What's waiting for me when I die?" Beginning with v. 16 (and running through the opening verses of chapter 5), Apostle Paul lifts his eyes from the experience he's been going through to the hope that lies beyond. That very characteristic "hope," which we've seen all through this letter, is highlighted by Paul in his great cry of encouragement in the closing three verses (vv. 16–18).
Our hope comes from our heart. In Paul's encouraging cry, "We do not lose heart," we see a reason for hope, not only coming from our present experience of the grace of God (as Pau's been describing it), but also as we look to the future that we don't lose hope. Then he gives three great reasons why he has such hope, up to the hour of death. First, v. 16 reminds us that we're being renewed inwardly, day by day. Second, we see in v. 17 that our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs those troubles. The third reason for us having hope is called out in v. 18: "So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen, since what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal" (NIV).
When D. L. Moody, the great evangelist, was dying, his last words were, "Earth is receding. Heaven is approaching. This is my crowning day." That's the utterance of faith, the appreciation of reality. For believers, nothing is more encouraging than to realize that when we believe the Word of God, we become more and more hopeful, faithful, and realistic. Those who see us ought to see the hope, faith, and truth of Christ Jesus in all we do in our current ministries. That's what life is all about.
- Q. 1 What do you learn from Paul about sharing your faith (vv. 1–6)?
- Q. 2 What about Paul's ministry is most like a struggle (vv. 7–11)? How about the struggle(s) in your own ministry?
- Q. 3 What truths keep Paul going in spite of his hardships?
- Q. 4 How did the light of Christ first break through to you?
- Q. 5 Why is being a servant to others essential to your sharing the gospel? What's one way you could be more of a servant to someone for whom you're currently concerned?
2 Corinthians 4:1–18
Present Weakness and Resurrection Life
4 Therefore, since through God's mercy we have this ministry, we do not lose heart. 2Rather, we have renounced secret and shameful ways; we do not use deception, nor do we distort the word of God. On the contrary, by setting forth the truth plainly we commend ourselves to everyone's conscience in the sight of God. 3And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. 4The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. 5For what we preach is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, and ourselves as your servants for Jesus' sake. 6For God, who said, "Let light shine out of darkness," made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of God's glory displayed in the face of Christ.
7But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us. 8We are hard pressed on every side, but not crushed; perplexed, but not in despair; 9persecuted, but not abandoned; struck down, but not destroyed. 10We always carry around in our body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be revealed in our body. 11For we who are alive are always being given over to death for Jesus' sake, so that his life may also be revealed in our mortal body. 12So then, death is at work in us, but life is at work in you.
13It is written: "I believed; therefore I have spoken." Since we have that same spirit of faith, we also believe and therefore speak, 14because we know that the one who raised the Lord Jesus from the dead will also raise us with Jesus and present us with you to himself. 15All this is for your benefit, so that the grace that is reaching more and more people may cause thanksgiving to overflow to the glory of God.
16Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day. 17For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all. 18So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen, since what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.