First Corinthians 1:18–2:5 . . . Bible Study Summary with Questions
The World’s Reasoning vs. God’s Wisdom
Paul writes, "For the word of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God." Paul makes it clear that there are only two categories of people: the "perishing" and the "saved." Ultimately, all must fall into one of these two classes; there is no other. Paul writes that those who are perishing consider the word of the cross "foolishness."
While the unbeliever considers the cross utter nonsense, the Christian sees it as "the power of God." The word of the cross is not simply good advice or helpful information; it's the power of God! In other words, our victory in salvation and life can only be attained through the cross. The cross is everything to the Christian.
In 1:19 (see below), Paul quotes the Old Testament Scriptures. In v. 20, Paul launches into four rhetorical questions. He asks, "Where is the bright wise man? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?" Paul is speaking of the philosopher, the religious scholar, and the debater — each a professional expert. God has not simply disregarded the wisdom of the world or shown it to be foolish. He has "made foolish the wisdom of the world."
Paul is not against knowledge. God created us to be inquisitive, to investigate, to gather knowledge. But because God knows everything that can be known or could be known, we need to entrust ourselves to him and recognize that He loves to cut the wise and powerful down to size.
In vv. 22–24, Paul explains himself further:
1) Many people stumble over the cross (vv. 22a, 23a). The Jews "stumbled" over the cross because most of them were looking for signs of power. They were looking for a political leader who would deliver them from the heel of the Roman Empire. They simply couldn't imagine a crucified Messiah.
2) Many people laugh at the cross (vv. 22b, 23b). Paul identifies with the Greek quest for wisdom. The Greeks looked to philosophy as the answer to the deepest problems of life. The notion of a man hanging on a cross to save the world was utter nonsense to them. Had they seen it from God's viewpoint, they would have discerned the wisdom of God's great plan of salvation.
3) Some people believe and experience the power and the wisdom of the cross (v. 24). Those who respond by God's grace are granted his wisdom and power.
In 1:25, Paul writes these glorious words: "Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men." Paul is suggesting that "If" (and this is a big "If") it was possible for God to be foolish and weak, him foolishness and weakness would still overwhelm us! This should humble us, right?
"Help Wanted: Fools for Christ" might be an appropriate title for the next five verses to Christians in Corinth.
1) The content of our message must be Christ (2:1–2). Paul writes, "And when I came to you, brethren, I did not come with superiority of speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God." Paul reflects back on his year-and-a-half ministry in Corinth (Acts 18:1–18). He begins by reminding the Corinthians how he did not preach. Paul had not dazzled his listeners by his rhetorical or philosophical prowess; he had simply proclaimed the truth about God.
2) The delivery of our message must be God's power (vv. 3–5). Paul again shares an autobiographical account. Paul did not come to Corinth with any degree of self-confidence. Rather, he came "in weakness and in fear and in much trembling." He wasn't the picture of confident self-assurance that many of us associate with the apostle Paul. He responded in a totally human fashion, as we would. Yet, Paul was all about the power of the Spirit. In v. 5, Paul explains how the power of God is the word of the cross.
- Q. 1 If you could boast about one thing regarding your family, what would it be? How could you boast about yourself?
- Q. 2 How does the world define wisdom? How has "God made foolish the wisdom of the world" (v. 20)?
- Q. 3 How does this passage illustrate that God's ways are not our ways? What does this passage say to you about the wisdom of God versus worldly wisdom?
1 Corinthians 1:18–2:5
Christ Crucified Is God's Power and Wisdom
18For the message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. 19For it is written:
"I will destroy the wisdom of the wise;
the intelligence of the intelligent I will frustrate."
20Where is the wise person? Where is the teacher of the law? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? 21For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know him, God was pleased through the foolishness of what was preached to save those who believe. 22Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom, 23but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles, 24but to those whom God has called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. 25For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength.
26Brothers and sisters, think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth. 27But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. 28God chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things — and the things that are not — to nullify the things that are, 29so that no one may boast before him. 30It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God — that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. 31Therefore, as it is written: "Let the one who boasts boast in the Lord."
2 1And so it was with me, brothers and sisters. When I came to you, I did not come with eloquence or human wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God. 2For I resolved to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified. 3I came to you in weakness with great fear and trembling. 4My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit's power, 5so that your faith might not rest on human wisdom, but on God's power.