Second Corinthians 6:14–7:1 . . . Bible Study Summary with Photos

Bonding with Unbelievers

Jesus instructs believers to "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind" (Matthew 22: 37 NIV). It's because God the Provider has already loved us and displayed it in his care, supplying food, shelter, clothing, family, friends, and all the richness of life. In our salvation he'll provide the lifting of the awful sense of guilt and rejection, giving us a sense of worth. He gives believers a sense of belonging to a family, of having a purpose for life. All those are gifts of love; therefore, we believers are to respond continually; as we respond more and more, we experience more of the same.

This is what concerns Paul in today's passage. In last week's, he urged the Corinthians, in effect, to "Open up, communicate, show acceptance and love. It's basic to everything." Do you see Problem #1? If you don't respond to love, then don't wonder if, why, or how your life remains cold, barren, lonely, empty, and meaningless. When you're loved, you should deliberately love back and life will begin to expand.

Let's look at this week's Problem #2 (shown below in vv. 14–16). The majority of believers face obstacles that hinder their ministry of reconciliation. One is restricted affections: holding ourselves back and remaining private when we have opportunities to use our giftedness to lovingly serve the Lord. Another obstacle that rears its ugly head involves the nature of our relationships with unbelievers. Such relationships or associations often limit us, keeping us from acting as we ought to act. Paul clearly warns believers, "Do not be yoked together with unbelievers." A yoke (click to see one) is a wooden frame or bar, with loops at each end, fitted around the necks of two animals, tying them together, forcing them to function as one. Paul references Deuteronomy 22:10, wherein the Law says, "Do not yoke together an ox and an ass . . . ." That concept might seem strange to us, but God was concerned that they not tie together two animals of a different nature or quality. Yoked together, the weaker or shorter animal would walk slower than the taller, stronger one, causing the load to veer off track. When oxen are unequally yoked, they cannot perform the task set before them. Instead of working together, they're at odds with one another.

This is what the Law reflects. It's a cruel thing to yoke together two things of incompatible natures. What Paul's saying is that there are certain associations that Christians have with unbelievers that constitute a yoke; such associations are a certain cause for misery and shame in a Christian's life, and are to be avoided. In vv. 15–16a, Paul lists overt pairs of incompatibles to emphasize his heartfelt warning to fellow believers.

Therefore, 'Come out from them and be separate, says the Lord. Touch no unclean thing, and I will receive you.' (2 Corinthians 6:17)

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And I will be your Father, and you will be my sons and daughters, says the Lord Almighty (2 Corinthians 6:18).

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In vv. 17–18, Paul gathers together a group of texts from various parts of Scripture and quotes them. His focus returns to his "reciprocity of love" theme. In effect, our loving God is saying to us: "Look, I'm here to enrich you; I want to make you my royal son and daughter; I want to be a tender, loving, careful, concerned, powerful Father to you; but I can't do it while you're still giving all your affection and all your ties to something or someone else. Therefore, break that yoke! That way you might experience the richness of God."

Note the loving atmosphere in which this passage is set. It's part of Paul's description of the "ministry of reconciliation" (v. 5:18). We're all called to be "ambassadors for Christ" (v. 5:20), offering men and women reconciliation with God, reminding them that God isn't angry with them because of their sins, but he urges them to turn to him that he might heal and restore them in his love.

As highlighted in both opening paragraphs and in last week's study, in order for you to enjoy love, you must respond to it. But you'll be unable to respond to love if you're clinging to an entity of a different nature that's going in another direction. Though God's love is waiting to bless you, you're unable to feel it and enjoy it until you separate yourself from the yoke(s) that binds you.

Of course, the closest alliance one person can have with another is found in marriage. God's plan is for a man and a woman to become "one flesh" (Genesis 2:24), a relationship so intimate that one literally and figuratively becomes part of the other. Uniting a believer with an unbeliever is essentially uniting opposites, which makes for a very difficult relationship.

Paul makes his final appeal to the Corinthians and each of us, in v. 7:1, which is worth highlighting:

We should no longer live for ourselves but for him who died and was raised from death (2 Corinthians 7:1).

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"Therefore, since we have these promises, dear friends, let us purify ourselves from everything that contaminates body and spirit, perfecting holiness out of reverence for God."

So: Who's it up to? It's up to you, isn't it? Cleanse yourself by breaking all constraining yokes in your life. If you're tied to a friendship or relationship that's impeding your Christian walk and your dedicated service to the Lord, then you must break it and give it up.

Please don't misread that warning. Many people mistakenly think that it means this: If you turn away from all the unclean things in life, giving up those ugly, dirty things you may have stumbled upon, you're then making yourself holy. Sorry, but that's not the approach to take. Holiness is a gift that God gives you at the beginning of your Christian life. As Romans 12:1b instructs us, ". . . offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, [already] holy and pleasing to God — this is your true and proper worship." It was God who already made you holy. You're not to try to become holy; you're already holy, which is the point. But that holiness is to be perfected, made visible by your acting like the Christian believer who you've become, one who is and remains the dwelling place of God. That's the appeal that Apostle Paul makes here.

What a loving appeal that is, that we free ourselves from all those limiting, restricting, binding relationships that we find ourselves in. Once freed, we're able to become the men and women who God has called us to be. And that's what this world is waiting to see.

Thank you, Lord, that you love us and want to see us — men and women — wholesome, free, and confident, able to function as you intended. Please encourage us to give you the glory and thanks that we — individually and collectively — are the temple of the living God, and that you dwell in us. Amen, amen.

It Makes You Wonder . . . .

  • Q. 1  What's necessary if you want to have God be your Father (vv. 16–18)?
  • Q. 2  What does this imply about choosing a spouse?
  • Q. 3  Can a believer become a friend and witness to an unbeliever without becoming "yoked"?

This Week's Passage
2 Corinthians 6:14–7:1

New International Version (NIV) [You can view it in a different version by clicking here; you can also listen to chapter 6.]

Warning Against Idolatry

Do not be yoked together with unbelievers (2 Corinthians 6:14).

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14Do not be yoked together with unbelievers. For what do righteousness and wickedness have in common? Or what fellowship can light have with darkness? 15What harmony is there between Christ and Belial? Or what does a believer have in common with an unbeliever? 16What agreement is there between the temple of God and idols? For we are the temple of the living God. As God has said:

Why work so hard to fit in when you were called to be set apart? (2 Corinthians 6:14)

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"I will live with them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people."

17Therefore, "Come out from them and be separate, says the Lord. Touch no unclean thing, and I will receive you."
18And, "I will be a Father to you, and you will be my sons and daughters, says the Lord Almighty."

7 Therefore, since we have these promises, dear friends, let us purify ourselves from everything that contaminates body and spirit, perfecting holiness out of reverence for God.